ABCD is a trapezium in which AB is paralell to CD,AD=BC.prove angle A is congruent to angle B.

Expert Answers
embizze eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Given the figure as described, draw ````a line parallel to `bar(BC)` through A intersecting `bar(CD)` at E.

Now `bar(AB)||bar(CD)` and `bar(AE)||bar(BC)` by construction, so ABCE is a parallelogram. In a parallelogram, opposite sides are congruent so `bar(BC) cong bar(AE)` ; then `bar(AE) cong bar (AD)` by the transitive property of congruence. So `Delta AED` is isosceles, and `/_D cong /_ AED` . But `/_AED cong /_C` since they are corresponding angles of the parallel lines. Therefore `/_D cong /_C` .

Then `/_A cong /_B` since `/_A` is supplementary to `/_D` and `/_B` is supplementary to `/_C` and supplements of congruent angles are congruent.