Solve `8/64=2/x` .
(1) One method is to cross multiply and divide. (The product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes). Thus 8x=2(64).
Then 8x=128, and x=16.
(2) Another method is to simplify the left-hand side-- thus 8/64=1/8.
`1/8=2/x` . Multiply the left-hand side by 2/2 to get `2/16=2/x` . Since the numerators are equal, the denomiators will be equal so x=16.
When you write 8 is to 64, you are writing a ratio, the same as 8:64 or 8/64.
analogy=(sort of) proportion
__ = __
This is a more complex way of arriving at the same answer but it is a different way of looking at the problem
8/64 = 2/ x
0.125= 2/ x
x= 2/ 0.125