Sleep disorders may be symptoms of serious medical conditions or psychiatric problems, for which the determination is very important causes, treatment of sleep disorders of long duration without elucidating the causes of diseases can conceal the real reasons.
1) Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a medical condition manifested by intense feeling of discomfort, pain or spasms inside leg. Uncontrolled movements can affect the foot, ankle, knee or thigh.Movement legs and short walks can ease discomfort for short periods.Causes disease are unknown. Symptoms usually occur while a person is sleeping or trying to sleep.Spasms can cause awakening from sleep or cause insomnia, restless sleep and tiredness during the day.
2) Nightmares and sleep walking (Parasomnias)
Nightmares and sleep walking are two types of Parasomnias.Sleep may be difficult for an individual experiencing Parasomnias, because, unconsciously and unintentionally, can move around the room, may scream, rearranged furniture, eating strange food and even to jeopardize his or partners' lives .
Discovered in 1880 by Jean Baptiste Edouard Gelin, narcolepsy is a rare sleep disorder, manifested by uncontrollable need to sleep during the day and muscle weakness caused by strong emotions (joy or sadness / anger excessive);
The main symptoms are:
- Sudden sleep attacks that can occur during any activity or any time of day: during serving meals, driving, or wearing a conversation. Attacks may occur several times throughout the day and may last from several minutes to several hours.
Weakness may affect only certain muscle groups or whole body. Cataplexy is caused in most cases by strong emotional reactions such as crying or laughing.
- Hallucinations appeared after an attack of sleep;
- Loss of ability to move when sleep or awakening (sleep paralysis);
4) Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea defines a number of episodes of interruption of breathing during sleep, lasting as little 10 seconds (apnea episodes). Usually, these episodes are caused by blockage of the airway, when air passing through the mouth and nose is obstructed, breathing is stopped for 10 seconds or more.People suffering from sleep apnea, are usually very loud snorers and are tired during the day.Apnea can affect both children and adults.
Insomnia is the medical term that defines the difficulty falling asleep or maintain a sleep.
Insomnia can include:
- Difficulty falling asleep (required more than 45 minutes after the settlement in bed to sleep);
- Frequent waking during the night and inability to return to sleep;- Very morning awakening;
- Feeling tired after a night of sleep;Normally, insomnia is not a problem unless you cause weakness / fatigue during the day, unfortunately, treatments at home improve insomnia occasionally.
Your question asked abut diseases that disturb one’s sleep. There are a series of sleep disorders that affect a person’s sleep patterns. However, many diseases such as cancer and even something as simple as mouth ulcers can affect a person’s sleep patterns. The sleep disorders that primarily address sleep patterns include insomnia, sleep apnea, Circadian Rhythm Sleep, narcolepsy, and parasomnias.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder whose symptoms are patterns of inability to fall asleep. There are three types of insomnia. Transient Insomnia may last from a few days to weeks and is often the result of another condition. Conditions such as depression and anxiety may cause the disruption of normal sleep patterns in an individual. Acute Insomnia is defined as a pattern of the inability to sleep appropriately for a period of more than 3 to four weeks and up to six months. Chronic Insomnia is diagnosed after a person continues to have consistent patterns of the inability to fall asleep lasting longer than 6 months. All three of these types of insomnia affect a person’s response time and daily functions due to the person’s lack of sleep.
There are several types of sleep apnea with the most common being Obstructive sleep apnea. It is more common in overweight persons and adults. It is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder because the person having the disorder stops breathing during his sleep. One of the most common signs is that the person snores loudly and may awaken gasping for breath.
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder addresses the person’s inability to fall and stay asleep on a timing cycle. People with this disorder tend to wake up at irregular times and have difficulty returning to sleep. Their biological rhythms are out of sync.
Narcolepsy is characterized by a person’s inability to stay awake for long periods due to no matter what the events or circumstances going on around them. Narcolepsy is chronic and can affect a person’s ability to work, social dynamics, and safety.
Parasomnias cover a wide array of sleep disorders that are usually associated with the sleep state of a person. This disorders include; night terrors, the awakening due to unexplained fear and terror; sleep walking, a person may engage in wandering or doing activities while asleep; nightmares, disturbing dreams during a persons sleep leading to restlessness: sleep eating, a person frequently engages in eating while in a sleep state; teeth grinding, the involuntary movement of forced tension on a person’s teeth as he moves them back and forth; restless legs syndrome, the involuntary need to move one’s legs or a tingling, pin like feeling or pain in the legs; somniloquy or sleep-talking.
No matter which type of disorder a person may have, the lack of sleep or the change in sleep patterns and sleep disruption usually affects the person with the disorder’s ability to function. The severity of the dysfunction is relative to the severity of the disorder.