4. Compare the British and American colonies’ strategy for the Revolutionary War.
The Revolutionary War was based on territorial control between the different groups. Control of larger territories provided access to resources essential for the war efforts and bolstered the troops' morale.
Britain initially focused on a containment strategy aimed at ensuring the conflict remained confined in Massachusetts. However, the colonists responded by laying siege to British positions, as was the case in the Siege of Boston. The developments forced Britain to abandon the containment strategy and retreat.
After facing defeat in Boston, Britain made plans to conquer New York, which they did in 1776. They used the area as their base of operations to isolate New England, which harbored most of the revolutionary activities. The idea was to conquer New England and then proceed to crush the revolution in the south. However, the plan failed, leading to the devastating loss at Saratoga.
The colonists avoided a conventional war with the British, focusing more on guerrilla warfare to tire out their opponents. Failure by the British to apply conventional strategies and challenges in accessing supplies forced them to engage the colonists in their kind of warfare. In this regard, the colonists had the upper hand and "home field advantage" over the British troops.