What were three reasons why farmers left farming in the industrial revolution? 

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

During the industrial revolution, many farmers left the profession.  There were many reasons for this.  One reason was financial. Farmers were producing too many crops. Part of this was due to the use of machinery that led to increased crop production.  As a result, crop prices dropped causing farmers’ income to also drop.  Some farmers mortgaged their farms to deal with the debt.  However, this usually led to foreclosure by the banks.

Another reason farmers left the profession was because they felt they were being treated unfairly.  Railroad companies would not give the farmers rebates on shipping rates.  Railroad companies often gave rebates to businesses that did a lot of shipping on the trains. The railroad companies wouldn’t do this for farmers. Farmers also believed they were being charged very high interest rates.  This contributed to their debt issues.  When farmers could not pay back their loans, they lost their farms.

Farmers also left the profession because farming was a hard life.  They had to work very long hours every day.  They lived in isolated areas.  They faced serious problems discussed in the above paragraphs.  When the industrial revolution came, some farmers moved to the cities. There were more jobs available in the cities, and there were more things to do.

Farmers had many reasons to leave farming during the industrial revolution.