Given the article below on the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, identify the writer's main arguments.
Based on the article, the writer's main arguments consist of explaining how the Beijing Olympics help to demonstrate the need to reassert the spirit of athletic competition in future Olympic contests. The author makes the point that political and economic interests have helped to dwarf the spirit of athletic participation that should be present in Olympic Competition. The first argument that is made to demonstrate this would be the author's analysis of the Beijing Olympics, in the first place. In the author's mind, the Beijing Olympics represented a reality in which athletic competition was far off in the distance of the presentation of ceremony that dominated the 2008 contests in Beijing. The essence of pomp that the author witnessed in these contests had little to do with "an activity undertaken in the spirit of play. Rather, there is a "cut- throat" element present, one in which athletic competition has become coopted by nationalism and a desire to be superior at the cost of others. This nationalist argument is explored from a historical point of view with the Berlin Games in 1936 and the Russian exploitation of their athletes at the height of the Cold War. American corporate sponsorship is explored into the second primary argument which is that economic materialism has corrupted the spirit of amateur athletic excellence into one where the athletes are driven by both the presence of economics and of individual prestige as opposed to anything related to the spirit of competition. In these ideas, the author's point is that the original spirit of the games must be reclaimed and reestablished in order for the Olympics to have any true and substantive meaning, according to the author.