`2 <= int_-1^1sqrt(1 + x^2)dx <= 2sqrt(2)` Use the properties of integrals to verify the inequality without evaluating the integrals.

Textbook Question

Chapter 5, 5.2 - Problem 57 - Calculus: Early Transcendentals (7th Edition, James Stewart).
See all solutions for this textbook.

1 Answer | Add Yours

sciencesolve's profile pic

sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

You need to use the mean value theorem such that:

`int_a^b f(x)dx = (b-a)f(c), c in (a,b)`

`int_(-1)^1 sqrt(1+x^2)dx = (1+1)f(c) = 2f(c)`

You need to verify the monotony of the function `f(x) = sqrt(1+x^2),` such that:

`f'(x) = x/(sqrt(1+x^2))`

Since the function is even, then `int_(-1)^1 sqrt(1+x^2)dx = 2int_0^1 sqrt(1+x^2)dx` . Notice that f(x) increases on (0,1).

Hence, if 0<c<1, then `f(0)<f(c)<f(1).`

Evaluate f`(0) = sqrt 1 ` and `f(1) = sqrt2` , such that:

`sqrt1 <f(c) < sqrt 2`

Multiply by 2:


Replace 2f(c) by` int_(-1)^1 sqrt(1+x^2)dx`   such that:

`2<int_(-1)^1 sqrt(1+x^2)dx <2sqrt2`

Hence, the inequality is verified using mean value theorem, without evaluating the integral.

We’ve answered 319,646 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question