In 1984, the totalitarian government of Oceania controls every facet of the people's lives. Most importantly, truth no longer exists. With the death of truth, there are no certainties, no absolutes, nothing to challenge; reality is fabricated, and it changes from day to day. How does one fight what may not exist the next day?
Here are three ways that the party maintains control over the people of Oceania:
- Emotional control as a result of the Two-Minute Hate, the constant wars, propaganda films, and Big Brother—"Always the eyes watching you and the voice enveloping you. Asleep or awake, working or eating, indoors or out of doors, in the bath or in bed—no escape. Nothing is your own except the few cubic centimeters inside your skull."
- The Ministry of Truth — Winston Smith, the protagonist, works at this office and uses the "speakwrite." It is his job to constantly edit the records of the history of the country; in effect, this amounts to rewriting history so that certain events never happened. With only a person's memory as the record, it is extremely difficult for people to challenge anything.
- Technology — A screen that watches all activities and monitors conversations is mounted in all homes, and the Thought Police catch and eliminate people for subversive thoughts against the rulers. The fear of this technology controls people.