Ministry of Truth (Minitrue)—This government ministry is concerned with creating propaganda, controlling the media, manipulating historical documents, and producing Newspeak dictionaries. It is where Winston Smith works and is responsible for supplying the citizens of Oceania with various forms of media, which support Big Brother and the Party's agenda.
Ministry of Peace (Minipax)—This ministry is concerned with war. Government employees develop larger, more destructive bombs alongside various other weapons.
Ministry of Plenty (Miniplenty)—This ministry is concerned with the suppression of Oceania's economy. In order to control the population, money and products are scarce, leaving the citizens vulnerable and anxious. This ministry continually misleads the population by announcing bogus statistics, which contradict the current economic situation.
Ministry of Love (Miniluv)—This ministry is responsible for torturing political dissidents and prisoners in order to maintain law and order. The ominous headquarters are where Winston Smith is physically and psychologically tortured for years until he fully supports Big Brother.
In 1984, there are four government ministries which Winston mentions in the opening paragraph:
- The Ministry of Truth which is concerned with "news, entertainment, education and the fine arts."
- The Ministry of Peace which deals with matters relating to war.
- The Ministry of Love which maintains law and order in Oceania.
- The Ministry of Plenty which is responsible for "economic affairs."
As another educator has mentioned, the names of these ministries are very ironic but they are significant for another reason, too. Namely, that they are intended to create the illusion that the Party cares about its citizens and is working hard to care for them, through "love" and providing "plenty." In reality, however, the people of Oceania face constant shortages and rations, are not given the correct information about the past and risk being tortured if they break the rules. Moreover, they live in dilapidated and run-down accommodation, like Victory Mansions.
- Miniluv: Ministry of Love (law and order)
- Minipax: Ministry of Peace (war)
- Miniplenty: Ministry of Plenty (rationing)
- Minitrue: Ministry of Truth (propaganda)
Each of the ministries does just the opposite of what it says, like the Ministry of Defense in the U.S. (it's really the Ministry of War).
The Ministry of Love tortures political prisoners.
The Ministry of Peace wages war.
The Ministry of Plenty controls and rations the food supply to keep people near starvation.
The Ministry of Truth (where Winston works) spreads lies (propaganda), and it censors all print media, revises history, and truncates the language with each edition of the Newspeak dictionary.
All of the ministries have very ironic names.
The Ministry of Truth is where Winston Smith works. Their role is to change the past and to spread lies. They are putting out what the Party says is true, but not what really is true.
The Ministry of Truth conducts wars.
The Ministry of Love is in charge of the police. This includes things like the Thought Police. As we see in the book, the police are brutal.
The Ministry of Plenty takes care of economic affairs. This is an ironic name because pretty much everyone is poor.
Here is a video summarizing the novel:
Ministry of Truth