1984 is in part a reaction to fascism, Nazism, and Stalin's brand of communism. How does 1984 and Oceania reflect different aspects of fascism, Nazism?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

First of all, Stalin was famous for rounding up citizens of Russia in the dead of night and murdering hundreds of them at a time in deserted areas. This is reflected in the Oceanic policy of "vaporizing" dissident citizens.

Orwell created the figure of Big Brother to reflect the totalitarian governments of the time period (1948) such as Franco, Mussolini, Stalin, Hitler, and Mao. All of those leaders, like Big Brother, ruled through the use of violence, control, and propaganda.

Another similarity between 1984 and the global reaction to communism is in the pressure placed on Oceanic citizens to betray friends and co-workers to Big Brother. The paranoia that characterized the McCarthy era in the United States was similar to the paranoia in 1984. People were actually being pressured to betray their friends, co-workers, and even parents in order to save themselves.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team