How did the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact resemble Wilsonian policy. Did it differ in any way from his vision?

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mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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The Kellogg-Briand Pact reflected some of President Wilson's beliefs regarding war.  One of the announced goals of Wilson and of the United States, when we entered World War I, was to make the war the last war ever.  Specifically, World War I was to be "a war to end all wars."  While that didn't happen, there was still the idealism evident in the minds of some American leaders, specifically Secretary of State Frank Kellogg.  The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed by 62 nations.  They agreed not to go to war.  Instead, they would use peaceful methods of diplomacy or actions to resolve differences between nations.  One weakness of the Kellogg-Briand agreement was that it was not binding.  Thus, if a nation that signed the treaty went to war, there was no course of action for violating this agreement.  This agreement came after several other agreements in the 1920s resulting from the Washington Naval Conference.  Hope ran high that the Kellogg-Briand treaty would end war forever.  It is very similar to Wilson's goal to end war.  In the Versailles Treaty, the League of Nations was designed to allow nations to peacefully work out differences without going to war.  While Wilson had an actual organization to try to prevent war, the Kellogg-Briand Pact relied on countries keeping their word evidenced by signing the treaty.  The Kellogg-Briand treaty reflected Wilson's idealist belief about ending war.  While there were some differences in approach, the end goal was the same.

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