10 differences between monocot and dicot plants

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Monocots and dicots are both types of angiosperms. The "mono" in the word monocot refers to the seed's single cotyledon. The "di" in the word dicot refers to the seed's two cotyledons. However, there are other differences between monocots and dicots as well. These differences are identified below:

Monocot

- Pollen has a single indentation or pore

- Flower parts come in multiples of three

- Usually have incomplete flowers 

- Parallel veins on leaves 

- Scattered stem vascular bundles 

- Numerous stem vascular bundles

 

- Stem is usually hollow

- No cambium 

- Adventitious roots

- Second growth is absent 

- Seed germination is usually hypogeal 

Dicot 

- Pollen has two indentations or pores 

- Flower parts usually come in multiples of four or five

- Usually have complete flowers 

- Netted veins on leaves 

- Stem vascular bundles form a ring

- Fewer stem vascular bundles 

- Stem is usually solid

- Cambium is often present 

- Tap root system 

- Second growth is often present 

- Hypogeal or epigeal seed germination 

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