1. What is the difference between ethnic and social diversity? 2. And why does diversity matter? Help-Questions for question 2 : What is the connection between diversity and discrimination?...
1. What is the difference between ethnic and social diversity?
2. And why does diversity matter?
Help-Questions for question 2 : What is the connection between diversity and discrimination? Waht signs are that the USA value/not value differences?
In response to the second question: with more diversity often comes more discrimination. Discrimination is treating different things (or people) differently. It often takes the form of dislike/hatred and superiority. Diversity is difference.
An example of this prevalent right now in North Carolina (and other states I'm sure) is the discussion in a few school districts of re-drawing the lines for which neighborhoods feed into which schools. What is being said is that they are trying to increase diversity by drawing from a variety of different socio-economic neighborhoods. One of the reasons given is to raise the average test scores of each school (as low socio-economics is statistically linked to lower test scores). What is not being directly said, but certainly implied, is that the "rich white" schools don't want the integration. It is the mostly white parents of the upper class neighborhoods who are most opposed to redistricting.
It is a wonderful thing when increased diversity is met by open-mindedness and tolerance. Too often however, increased diversity only brings out the worst in homogenous cultures.
If you are using the terms the same way we would in the United States, here is the difference:
- Ethnic diversity is when you have people from many different national origins living together in the same country. My father is Filipino, my mother is German on her father's side and English on her mother's side. We live in a place with a lot of people of Mexican descent. That's ethnic diversity.
- Social diversity is based more on things like social class, economic status, political opinions, tastes -- things that have more to do with what you believe and like than where your ancestors are from.
In my opinion, you need the second kind of diversity to have a strong society. You need many different points of view so that you can have new ideas about government and society. This way your society does not become stagnant.
Ethnic diversity is one way of getting social diversity. But it is dangerous because it leads to ethnic conflict. It can make (but does not always make) society divide up into one ethnic group against another.