1. Notice that all the people identified in this passage are going to plant wheat. How does this underscore the blending of agriculture with war making in the aggressive Mycenaean society?
2. What does this document suggest is the function of writing in these societies?
In the Mycenaean world, the palace controlled who owned the land and what was planted on it. Likewise, whatever was planted or created from the land, belonged to the King. Crops such as wheat were grown by the poor farmers in return for a place to live and a meager portion of the wheat for food. The rest was sent to the palace. The king sold the wheat, using the profits to fund his army and any wars taking place. Thus whatever agriculture took place under the control of the king was used to support the Mycenaean war efforts.
Since the writing found from the Mycenaean culture was apparently almost exclusively used for purposes of keeping records of goods bought, sold and bartered, the function of writing in the society was to keep records. Writing was utilitarian and used as a tool of order rather than any type of entertainment creating device.