1.From what are people in the community being protected by not having to make choices?The Giver explains to Jonas that he will gain something by being the holder of memory. Gain what?Why does the...

1.From what are people in the community being protected by not having to make choices?


The Giver explains to Jonas that he will gain something by being the holder of memory. Gain what?

Why does the Giver ask for Jonas' forgiveness?

Expert Answers
dymatsuoka eNotes educator| Certified Educator

By not having to make choices, the people are protected from making wrong choices, and suffering the consequences of them (Chapter 13).

By being the holder of memory, Jonas will gain wisdom.  The Giver explains this concept to Jonas by recounting a time that the elders wanted to increase the rate of births.  Since the Giver held the memory of what hunger was like, as well as the memory of times past when the land was unable to produce enough food for a large population, he was able to counsel the elders against such a move.  His knowledge of hunger and history gave him the wisdom to understand the potential consequences of allowing too great of an increase in birth rate Chapter 14).

As the Keeper of Memory, the Giver must absorb all the pain from which the people have been protected.  In Chapter 15, the pain becomes too much, and he shares it with Jonah in order to lessen a little of the pain for himself.  Knowing the agony Jonah must experience, the Giver asks Jonah's forgiveness.