1. It's easiest to find the cubic root of 8(cos120 + jsin120) if we convert it into polar form (via euler's rule). We need to use radians, not degrees for this: 120o = 2pi/3 rad
8(cos120 + jsin120) = 8(cos 3pi/2 + jsin 3pi/2) = 8 exp(j3pi/2)
Now apply the cubic root:
(8 exp(j3pi/2))^1/3 = 8^1/3 exp(j3pi/2 * 1/3)
to convert the above into rectangular form, use euler's identity:
2exp(jpi/2) = 2(cos pi/2 + jsin pi/2) = 2j
2. If x and y are not real numbers, then you don't have enough information to solve this problem. So, lets assume that x and y are real.
y(2j-2) - x(4j+3) = 2
2jy - 2y - 4jx - 3x = 2 + 0j
This system gives you two equations, since the imaginary and real components have to sum to 0 and 2, respectively.
2jy - 4jx = 0 and -2y - 3x = 2
x = y/2 ----> -2y - 3(y/2) = 2
. -y(7/2) = 2
y = -4/7 and x = -2/7