According to Goldstein, during what year did it become evident that worldwide poverty could be eliminated in the novel 1984 by George Orwell?

1 Answer | Add Yours

karythcara's profile pic

Karyth Cara | College Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted on

THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF OLIGARCHICAL COLLECTIVISM by Emmanuel Goldstein

Chapter III: War Is Peace

From the moment when the machine first made its appearance it was clear to all thinking people that the need for human drudgery, and therefore to a great extent for human inequality, had disappeared. If the machine were used deliberately for that end, hunger, overwork, dirt, illiteracy, and disease could be eliminated within a few generations. And in fact, without being used for any such purpose, but by a sort of automatic process - by producing wealth which it was sometimes impossible not to distribute - the machine did raise the living standards of the average human being very greatly over a period of about fifty years at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. (Goldstein)

What Goldstein states in "Chapter III: War Is Peace" is that, at the time of his writing, it was clear that during a fifty year period between approximately 1875 and 1925, "about fifty years at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries," the standard of living, including the availability of food and, with it, the elimination of hunger, had in fact occurred. It lasted until the contrivance of pointless war eliminated the distribution of goods to the populace because production was turned to war goods, e.g., ammunition, tanks, artillery, and distributed to the warmongers.

Goldstein also says that when the machine was first introduced, it could be foreseen by all thinking people that hunger would be eliminated as drudge work and inequality between individuals would disappear. If we acknowledge the "spinning jenny" as the first machine introduced--used in England and invented by James Hargreaves--that puts the year during which it became evident that worldwide poverty could be eliminated, as stated in 1984 in Goldstein's treatise, as around 1764.

Hargreaves Patent, 1770

[Images: Goldstein; spinning jenny]

Images:
This image has been Flagged as inappropriate Click to unflag
Image (1 of 2)
This image has been Flagged as inappropriate Click to unflag
Image (2 of 2)
Sources:

We’ve answered 318,994 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question