Article abstract: At issue: Addition of territory to the Roman Empire, defense of the Roman frontiers. Result: The Roman Empire successfully defended its borders against a number of groups until the mid-fifth century, when Germanic groups overpowered the western empire.
After nearly a century of warfare in the Late Republic (146-31 b.c.e.), the Roman army had become a professional fighting force. Military power frequently was used either to acquire or demand political power, and the dependence of powerful generals on their troops was very...
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