Zimbabwe’s Freedom Fighters Topple White Supremacist Government (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Settler colonialism was finally defeated in Zimbabwe’s war for liberation when freedom fighters succeeded in their attrition battle against the white supremacist Rhodesian state.
Summary of Event
In 1979, the leaders of the Patriotic Front, the political alliance between the Zimbabwe liberation factions, signed the Lancaster House Agreement ending the war between the white minority government and the Zimbabwean freedom fighters and paving the way for a short transition period to Zimbabwean independence. The agreement called for a new constitution that would institute a parliamentary system and reserve 20 percent representation for whites for seven years. The new government would honor Rhodesia’s debts and obligations, protect minority rights, and pay full compensation for any land taken for redistribution. During the brief transition, there would be neutral armed forces to monitor elections and the cease-fire. The negotiation led to Zimbabwe’s independence under the newly elected prime minister, Robert Mugabe, and to the end of international economic sanctions against Rhodesia on April 18, 1980. Several years before two African liberation movements emerged to initiate a guerrilla struggle against the Southern Rhodesian white minority government in 1964, African nationalists had pushed for political reforms that could achieve decolonization and African majority rule. These efforts were complicated...
(The entire section is 2533 words.)
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