Zadie Smith is a technically gifted young writer whose work crosses racial and cultural boundaries. In her own life, Smith, raised in a multiethnic working-class area, was educated at Cambridge University and became a writer, moving across class boundaries while exploring the blurred lines among ethnic boundaries in contemporary urban life. Her characters are multiracial and global in their travels, moving easily in time between past roots and present chaos, and in place from London, to various countries of origin and memory, to New York and to New England. Boundaries between liberal and conservative are also crossed, especially in the friendship between Kiki Belsey and Carlene Kipps in On Beauty. Smith’s witty and contemporary voice, the wide scope of her novels, the vulnerability of her characters, and her social satire are elements of her work which have contributed to her phenomenal success with critics and public alike.
Biography (Critical Survey of Long Fiction, Fourth Edition)
Zadie Smith was born Sadie Smith on October 27, 1975, in the Willesden area of North London, the daughter of a British father and a Jamaican mother. Later she would draw on this North London setting and her own multicultural ethnicity in her novels. She changed her name to the more exotic-sounding Zadie as a child pursuing the performing arts of tap dancing and jazz singing. She was fascinated with old Hollywood movie musicals, another source she would draw upon in her novel The Autograph Man. Smith attended Hampstead Comprehensive School until the age of eighteen and King’s College, Cambridge University, from 1994 to 1997, graduating with a degree in English literature.
While at Cambridge, Smith published short stories in the May Anthologies, the annual collection of work by students at Oxford and Cambridge. While still a university student, she was offered an advance of ¡250,000, approximately $400,000, for her first two books. The size of the advance for such a young, unknown writer put her name in the news even before her first book was published.
White Teeth, Smith’s first novel, was published in January, 2000, when Smith was twenty-four years old. The book, a saga of three families in multicultural north London, was an instant best seller, and Smith became a literary celebrity.
Smith was writer-in-residence at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London from 2000 to 2001 while writing her second novel, The Autograph Man. This novel was not as well-received as White Teeth, more than likely because it was impossible to live up to the media attention that had attended the first novel. One of the themes of The Autograph Man is an exploration of the nature of fame and celebrity, possibly in reaction to Smith’s experience after the publication of White Teeth.
In 2002-2003, Smith lived in the United States, teaching, studying, and writing as a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. While there, she began work on literary essays.
Smith’s third novel, On Beauty, a transatlantic campus novel, was published in 2005. Set in London and on the campus of a fictional American university, the novel depicts the disintegration of the marriage of Howard Belsey, a liberal, white art-history professor married to a vibrant African American woman, and his collision with his ultraconservative Anglo-Caribbean archrival, Monty Kipps.
In 2004, Smith married poet and novelist Nicholas Laird. The two met while students at Cambridge.
Biography (Magill's Survey of World Literature, Revised Edition)
Zadie Smith was born Sadie Smith on October 27, 1975 in the Willesden area of north London, the daughter of a British father and a Jamaican mother. Willesden would become the setting of her first novel, White Teeth (2000), and the novel’s main character, Irie, would also be the daughter of a Jamaican mother and an English father. Smith changed her name to the more exotic Zadie as a child. Smith’s early interests were in the performing arts; she was a tap dancer until the age of fifteen. She was also an ardent fan of old Hollywood musical films and actress Katharine Hepburn, knowledge she would draw on in writing her second novel, The Autograph Man (2002). For a time she earned money as a jazz singer; both of her younger brothers are rap singers in Great Britain. Smith attended Hampstead Comprehensive School until the age of eighteen and King’s College, Cambridge University, from 1994 to 1997, graduating with a degree in English literature.
While at Cambridge, Smith published short stories in the May Anthologies, the annual collection of work by students at Oxford and Cambridge universities. Her work attracted the attention of the publishing world, and while still a university student she was offered an advance of £250,000, or approximately $400,000, for her first two books. The size of the advance for such a young, unknown writer put her name in the news even before her first book was published.
White Teeth, Smith’s first novel, was published in January, 2000, when the writer was only twenty-four years old. The book, a saga of three families in multicultural north London, was an immediate best seller, and...
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Biography (eNotes Publishing)
English author Zadie Smith (b. 1975) has made quite a splash in the literary world. Her first novel, White Teeth (2000), caused a lot of media controversy when Smith was given an unusually large advance (rumored to be over $400,000) and was still in college. Smith was only twenty-one at the time.
White Teeth did not disappoint, becoming an almost overnight critical success. It went on to win the Whitbread First Novel Award, the Guardian First Book Award, and the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction. White Teeth was a popular success as well.
Smith's fascination for mixed cultures and races is evident in her books and reflects her own life experiences. She is the daughter of a working-class white father and Jamaican mother. Smith graduated from Cambridge University in 1997. Later she worked as a writer-in-residence at London's Institute of Contemporary Arts. In 2002, she taught writing at Harvard University in the United States. Harvard provided her with information about college faculty members and politics for her novel On Beauty.
In 2002, Smith published her second novel, The Autograph Man. This story also focuses on mixed cultures, with its protagonist, Alex-Li Tandem, of Jewish and Chinese heritage. On Beauty is Smith's third novel. On Beauty was short-listed for the prestigious British award, the Man Booker Prize, in 2005. Smith has also written two collections of short stories, Piece of Flesh (2001) and The Book of Other People (2007). The author dedicates her novel On Beauty, to her poet husband, Nick Laird.