Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
In Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 72 S. Ct. 863, 96 L. Ed. 1153 (1952), the Supreme Court reviewed the constitutionality of an EXECUTIVE ORDER directing the secretary of commerce to seize possession of the nation's steel mills during a labor dispute and keep them operating while hostilities continued in the KOREAN WAR. Also known as the Steel Seizure Case, Youngstown Sheet & Tube stands for the proposition that the EXECUTIVE BRANCH has no constitutional authority to seize possession of private property, even if it is for public use during times of national emergency because such authority is vested in the lawmaking powers of Congress.
The case arose from a labor dispute between American steel companies and their employees over the terms of a collective bargaining agreement that was under negotiation in 1951. Employees wanted higher wages, but management protested that such increases could only be met through drastic price hikes. President HARRY S. TRUMAN opposed further price hikes because the economy was already suffering from inflation. However, Truman feared that any disruption in domestic steel production would impede the American war effort in Korea, which was entering its second year, and thus imperil the safety of U.S. military troops.
When negotiations between labor and management reached an impasse, the employees'...
(The entire section is 1636 words.)
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Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (Great American Court Cases)
Legal Citation: 343 U.S. 937 (1952)
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co.
Charles Sawyer, Secretary of Commerce
That in seizing control of steel production during the Korean War in order to prevent a labor strike, the executive branch exceeded its constitutional authority.
Chief Lawyer for Petitioner
John W. Davis
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Philip B. Perlman, Solicitor General
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black (writing for the Court), Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Robert H. Jackson, Sherman Minton, Stanley Forman Reed, Fred Moore Vinson
Harold Burton, Felix Frankfurter
Date of Decision
2 June 1952
The Supreme Court ruled against the executive branch steel seizure.
Also known as the Steel Seizure Case, Youngstown is of lasting importance because it upheld the balance of power between the executive and legislative branches.
(The entire section is 975 words.)