Young Man Afraid of His Horses (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Realizing the futility of further resistance to white expansionism, Young Man worked for improved conditions on the Pine Ridge Reservation.
Young Man Afraid of His Horses's name, the same as his father's, was intended to convey the idea that, in war, the name's bearer was so powerful that even the sight of his horses inspired fear in others. Young Man was instrumental in helping to delay white expansion during the 1860's. Various tribes respected his leadership abilities and, in 1865, the Cheyenne inducted him into their Crooked Lances clan. A realist, Young Man tried unsuccessfully to warn his people of the falseness of the Ghost Dance prophecies.
After the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890, Young Man—realizing the hopelessness of any further Sioux resistance—persuaded his people to surrender and accept General Nelson Miles's peace terms, which included confinement at Pine Ridge Reservation. In January of 1891, thirty-five hundred starving Sioux men, women, and children—wounded, sick, and demoralized—entered the reservation. Young Man Afraid of His Horses negotiated and won fairer treatment for them. White authorities respected him, but some Sioux felt he was an apologist; other Sioux understood that he was protecting their interests as best he could under the circumstances. He was seventy when he died at the Pine Ridge Reservation.
Gibbon, Guy E. The...
(The entire section is 230 words.)
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