Yitzhak Rabin (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Rabin led Israeli forces to victory in the Six-Day War, in which Israel gained the Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, and Golan Heights.
Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmach in 1941 to fight for Israeli independence. The British restricted the number of Jewish immigrants entering Palestine and arrested Rabin in 1946. Rabin headed a Palmach force during the First Israeli-Arab War (1948- 1949), breaking another Arab siege of Jerusalem. In 1948, the Palmach became part of the newly independent Israeli army. Rabin rose quickly through the ranks and became chief of staff. He led the Israeli forces to victory in the Six-Day War (1967), playing important roles in the Battles of the Gaza Strip and Golan Heights. Rabin retired from the army in 1968 to become Israel’s U.S. ambassador.
In 1973, Rabin became prime minister, and in 1976, he directed the rescue of Jewish citizens held by Arab terrorists at Entebbe Airport, Uganda. Although the Labor Party lost the 1977 election to the Likud, Rabin continued to be a Labor Party force, returning the party to control in 1992. In three meetings with Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat in the 1990’s, Rabin discussed peace in the Middle East and Palestinian self-rule. In December, 1994, Rabin, Arafat, and Shimon Peres were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Rabin was assassinated on November 4, 1995.
(The entire section is 275 words.)
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