Yemenite Civil War (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Monarchy vs. democracy in Yemen. Result: A democratic constitution was approved in 1970.
In 1839, Great Britain seized Aden, which would eventually become South Yemen; in 1849, the Ottomans occupied Sana, which was later known as Yemen and then North Yemen. In the latter part of the nineteenth century, both the Ottomans and Great Britain expanded their territories. Eventually a boundary was established between the two areas, which became North Yemen and South Yemen. After World War II, the Ottomans gave up the area that became North Yemen, and powerful imams took control of the land.
In 1962, a group of military officers overthrew Imam Muhammad al-Badr and established the Yemen Arab Republic. The military coup named one of its leaders, ʿAbd Allāh-as-Sallal, as its president.
In September, 1962, a group of military officers seized the operation of the government in Sana, Yemen. Muhammad al-Badr, his army of 30,000, and 100,000 tribesmen fled to the mountains above Sana, where they fought to regain their positions. The imam and his royalist followers were supported by King Faisel of Saudi Arabia, who provided food and military aid to them.
Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser supported the Republicans. Nasser’s support was not totally an effort to help democracy bloom in the Middle East. The Egyptian...
(The entire section is 687 words.)
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