Yeltsin Battles Russian Parliament (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: In what has been described as Russia’s post-Soviet revolution, President Boris Yeltsin dissolved the parliament, sent troops to assault the legislature building, called new parliamentary elections, and replaced Russia’s constitution.
The Revolt and Elections
Through the spring and summer of 1993, confrontation developed between Russia’s president, Boris Yeltsin, and Russia’s parliament, led by Ruslan Khasbulatov. Although Yeltsin had chosen a hero of the Afghanistan war, Aleksandr Rutskoy, as his running mate in the 1991 presidential elections, the two men became estranged, and Rutskoy sided with the parliament. On September 21, 1993, Yeltsin announced his decision to dissolve the legislature, to dismiss Rutskoy, and to call new elections for December 12. The elections were to choose a new parliament and obtain popular approval for a new constitution that would strengthen presidential power.
News of Yeltsin’s plan leaked prematurely, and Khasbulatov, Rutskoy, and a few hundred deputies and paramilitary supporters holed up in the Russian parliament building, a huge marble edifice known as the White House. Yeltsin ordered heat, light, hot water, telephone service, and other utilities cut off, and he tried to starve out the defiant legislators. On October 3, armed supporters of the parliamentary leadership broke through the police and military cordon surrounding the White House and...
(The entire section is 879 words.)
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