Yellowknife (American Indians Ready Reference)
This highly mobile hunting-and-trapping culture was dependent upon the movements of the barren-ground caribou, which involved them in sustained socioeconomic relations with the contiguous Chipewyan and Dogrib groups. Little is known of these people because of a general decline in population caused by introduced communicable diseases and intergroup conflict. At the time of their first contact with whites, the Yellowknife were in constant conflict with the Dogrib, Hare, and Slave; they were even fighting with the Chipewyan. Their winter dwellings were covered with stitched, tanned caribou hides. By the end of the nineteenth century, the Dogrib had expanded their aboriginal territory by defeating the Yellowknife.
The European first contact with the Yellowknife was effected in 1770 by Samuel Hearne. Later, after Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin's 1819-1822 account, most ethnographic data was provided by the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1913, ethnologist J. Alden Mason provided brief descriptions of the Yellowknife whom he met; they were then living in canvas-covered conical lodges at Fort Resolution. By 1914 the Yellowknife had essentially lost their tribal identity, preferring to be known as Chipewyan.
(The entire section is 177 words.)
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