Yellow Turbans Rebellion (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: This short-lived, Daoist peasant rebellion signaled the demise of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
Summary of Event
After the death of the Han emperor Wu (Wu-ti; 156-87 b.c.e.), for about eighty years, a succession of weak emperors nominally ruled while the families of consorts controlled the empire. Toward the end of the Western Han Dynasty (206 b.c.e.-23 c.e.), a relative of the empress dowager, Wang Mang, usurped the throne and created the Xin Dynasty (Hsin; 9-23 c.e.). He adopted Confucianism to promote a social hierarchy of relationships that would regain dynastic glory and eventually lead to a reunification of the empire. Wang Mang attempted substantial reforms such as the nationalization of land, manumission of slaves, stabilizing market prices on commodities, placing taxes on mining and on slaveholders, and offering loans for a limited time at low percentage rates. Unfortunately for Wang, a major flood devastated the agricultural economy near the Yellow River, and in 17 c.e., rebellions had broken out in the countryside. Eight years later, forces led by Liu Xiu (Liu Hsiu), a member of the Han, defeated Wang’s army. Liu Xiu (Guang Wudi) re-established the Han Dynasty and made Luoyang (Lo-yang), in present-day Henan Province, its capital.
The Eastern, or Later, Han Dynasty (25-220 c.e.), lasted 195 years under twelve emperors. During the first half of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the empire...
(The entire section is 1492 words.)
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