Yavapai (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Yavapai have lived in central and western Arizona since about 1100 c.e., when they arrived from the West. Primarily hunters and gatherers, the Yavapai followed the cycles of nature, moving from one area to another harvesting wild plants. Animals were captured either by hand or by a throwing stick or bow and arrow.
As they migrated, the Yavapai made their shelters in caves and in domed stone or timber huts. Occasionally, hostilities erupted between the Yavapai and the Walapai, Havasupai, Tohono O’odham, Pima, and Maricopa. The Yavapai were most friendly with the Navajo, Hopi, Mojave, Quichan (Yuma), and especially the Apaches, whom they sometimes married.
The first European incursion occurred in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, when Spanish explorers passed through Yavapai territory. When the Arizona gold rush hit in the 1860's, contact with outsiders, especially European Americans, increased greatly. The Yavapai usually sought peace with these invaders. The Yavapais’ numbers dwindled because of various hardships, and in 1865, the two thousand remaining Yavapai were moved to the Colorado River Reservation, the first of many reservations they would be relocated to; others included Fort McDowell, Rio Verde, San Carlos, Camp Verde, Middle Verde, Clarkdale, and Prescott. With the exceptions of River Verde and San Carlos, the Yavapai continue to inhabit these reservations.
Prior to U.S. government intervention,...
(The entire section is 313 words.)
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