Yangshao and Longshan Cultures Flourish in China (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Yangshao and Longshan were the first known farming cultures in what is now northern China. During their existence, settled agriculture developed, and then villages and towns were formed.
Summary of Event
Modern humans, Homo sapiens, arrived in the Yellow River (Huang He) Valley no later than 50,000 b.c.e. and survived by hunting and gathering. Early agriculture in northern China began perhaps as early as 8000 b.c.e., probably as slash-and-burn gardens in the uplands of the Yellow River Valley. Solid evidence of agriculture from Neolithic sites in northern China dates to about 5500 b.c.e. Because agriculture and bronze technology had probably existed earlier in Southeast Asia, the appearance of agriculture in the Yellow River Valley most likely resulted from the diffusion of culture from Southeast Asia through southern and central China. However, millet, the staple of early agriculture in northern China, is most likely native to the area and was probably domesticated locally.
The first fully Neolithic culture identified in what is now China was first recognized in 1921 at Yangshao (Yang-shao), in Henan (Honan) Province, from where the culture takes its name. Since the initial identification of Yangshao culture, hundreds of sites have been discovered in northern China. Yangshao culture, also called the Painted Pottery culture, was once thought to be directly ancestral to Chinese...
(The entire section is 1383 words.)
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