Yahi (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Northern, Central, and Southern Yahi had numerous tribelets, each constituting a major village located on an east-west stream. A village had a major chief who inherited his position. Deer was the most important animal for food and by-products, but all other land mammals were hunted and trapped. Women were responsible for gathering and collecting a wide variety of plant products for food and utilitarian use. Many of these subsistence-getting activities were collective, particularly the acquiring of smaller animals and insects.
In 1821, Captain Luis Arguell and approximately fifty-five soldiers became the first Europeans to contact the Yahi. The Hudson's Bay Company, from 1828 to 1846, occupied much of the Yahi territory. In 1837 cattlemen entered the region, and by 1845 the first permanent white settlement was established. The Mexican government granted leases to settlers and cattlemen. The whites introduced new diseases to the Yahi, whose population of 1,800 was reduced to 35 by 1884. Numerous massacres of Yahi continued until the late 1800's. Ishi, a Yahi Yana, was the last survivor in 1911.
(The entire section is 165 words.)
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