Xiuhtecuhtli (Myths and Legends of the World)
In the mythology of the Aztecs of central Mexico, Xiuhtecuhtli was a god of fire. A young and vigorous he was regarded as a patronspecial guardian, protector, or supporter of kings and warriors. His name meant Turquoise Lord, and images of Xiuhtecuhtli often show him wearing a crown and ornaments made of that much-prized blue stone. Xiuhtecuhtli had another nameuehueteotl, the Old Godnd a different image. As Huehueteotl, he appeared as an elderly man, usually bent over and carrying a brazier, or small stove, on his head.
Xiuhtecuhtli played a vital role in the Aztec According to myths, he rose from a hearth in Mictlan, the Aztec underworld,land of the dead and passed through earth to the heavens as a pillar of fire. If that firehich held the parts of the universe togetherere to die, everything would fall apart. Because he linked all the realms of the universe together, Xiuhtecuhtli was thought to be the guide who led souls from this life to the afterlife.
Xiuhtecuhtli also served as the god of time and the calendarhe word xihuitl, related to his name, meant "year." Festivals in his honor were held twice a year, once in midsummer and once in midwinter. A much more significant ceremony took place every 52 years, at the end of a time-keeping cycle called the Calendar Round. On this occasion,...
(The entire section is 272 words.)
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