World wars (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: The world wars, especially World War II, caused many North American Indians to have significant, and generally positive, contact with mainstream society; however, this contact led to national policies in Canada and the United states that sought to dissolve the Indian land base and force assimilation.
World War I
In both Canada and the United States, World War I brought changes in the Indian relationship with their respective governments, and there was pressure in both countries to increase production in agriculture, stock-raising, and timber resources. In the United States, more Indian lands were approved for sale or lease to non-Indians, creating a gradual loss of tribal lands. In Canada, the Indian Act was amended to permit Indian lands to be put into production without band approval, and once this occurred, the band was forced to provide funds to finance the operation. Despite poverty, native people on both sides of the border raised money for the Red Cross, purchased war bonds, and knitted bandages and other items for the war effort. During the war, some Indian people moved to urban areas to work as shipbuilders or in factories.
(The entire section is 1508 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!