Places Discussed (Cyclopedia of Literary Places)
Yewville. Town in New York’s upstate Niagara County where Jesse Harte, one of six children, grows up in a small and crowded house built by his father, Willard, next to a gas station that he owned until it failed. The novel opens when Jesse is fourteen years old and his father turns the family house into a place of horror by shooting his pregnant wife and children, wounding Jesse, who escapes, and then shooting himself. When Jesse later returns to the house, which has a for-sale sign on it, he has no feelings about the murders, only the realization that he is still alive, a survivor. He later returns to Yewville to live with an aunt and uncle.
Vogel farm. Home of the orphaned Jesse’s stern and unloving grandfather, where he is taken to live after recovering from his gunshot wound. The farm is located in a rural area outside Yewville, in a place where people live empty lives of “sleep, wake, and work.” Grandfather Vogel keeps the shabby furnishings salvaged from Jesse’s former home locked in his barn and refuses to let Jesse see any of them, thereby denying him tangible links to his past.
*Lockport. New York town to whose nearby Niagara School for Boys Jesse is sent by his aunt and uncle to board. At first, he lives in a dark red building enclosed by fences. However he is adopted by Dr. Pedersen, who lives in a three-story mansion on Locust Street in Lockport. Pedersen’s house has a cavernous foyer and a beautiful music room, but what most impresses Jesse is that he has...
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Bibliography (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
Creighton, Joanne V. Joyce Carol Oates. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1979. Creighton discusses Wonderland in the context of Oates’s earlier novels and in tandem with Do With Me What You Will (1973). She explores the series of father figures that the novel offers and rejects, as well as its parallels to Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
Friedman, Ellen G. Joyce Carol Oates. New York: Ungar, 1980. An exploration of alienation through Oates’s first nine novels. In the chapter entitled “Journey from the ‘I’ to the Eye: Wonderland,” Friedman looks at the novel’s links with Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and its treatment of the individual’s relationship to the external world.
Grant, Mary Kathryn. The Tragic Vision of Joyce Carol Oates. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1978. Grant’s long essay interweaves discussion of several Oates novels and other writings into a meditation on the elements of violence and tragedy in modern America. Her references to Wonderland bring out themes of self-mutilation, spiritual homelessness, and the alienation of urban life.
Wagner, Linda, ed. Critical Essays on Joyce Carol Oates. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1979. A diverse anthology of seventeen reviews and eleven essays spanning the Oates oeuvre. In addition to excerpts from the other entries in this bibliography, discussions of Wonderland are found in a skeptical Newsweek review, in an essay by Robert H. Fossum exploring the themes of control and salvation, and in a Joanne V. Creighton piece examining Oates’s women.
Waller, G. F. Dreaming America: Obsession and Transcendence in the Fiction of Joyce Carol Oates. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979. Waller’s chapter on Wonderland discusses the novel as social commentary on some of the more manifest obsessions of modern American life—materialism, sex, and violence—treated with a unique mixture of surrealism and satire.