Historical Context

Bison on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation Published by Gale Cengage

Native Americans in 1960s and 1970s

Taking their cue from the civil rights and "black power" movements, Native...

(The entire section is 517 words.)

Winter in the Blood Literary Style


The novel is structured around the metaphor of a journey, which represents the need to come home—to...

(The entire section is 579 words.)

Winter in the Blood Compare and Contrast

  • 1970s: The American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut population numbers 827,000, which is 0.4 percent of the population of the United...

(The entire section is 252 words.)

Winter in the Blood Topics for Further Study

  • What do you think is the cause of the narrator's alienation? Is his alienation mostly his own psychological problem, or are there wider...

(The entire section is 169 words.)

Winter in the Blood What Do I Read Next?

  • Welch's Killing Custer: The Battle of the Little Bighorn and the Fate of the Plains Indians (1994) is his retelling of the story of...

(The entire section is 190 words.)

Winter in the Blood Bibliography and Further Reading


Jefferson, Margo, Review of Winter in the Blood, in Newsweek,...

(The entire section is 308 words.)

Winter in the Blood Bibliography

(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

Armstrong, Meg. “ Buried in Fine White Ash’: Violence and the Reimagination of Ceremonial Bodies in Winter in the Blood and Bearheart.The American Indian Quarterly 21 (Spring, 1997): 265-298. Armstrong explores the themes of power, transformation, and identity in James Welch’s Winter in the Blood and Gerald Vizenor’s Bearheart. She argues that the texts must be read with the understanding of ceremony and the body in order to wholly appreciate American Indian literature.

Ballard, Charles G. “The Theme of the Helping Hand in Winter in the Blood.MELUS 17 (Spring, 1991):...

(The entire section is 443 words.)