Study Guide

William Styron

William Styron Biography

Biography (Masterpieces of American Literature)

ph_0111202384-Styron.jpgWilliam Styron Published by Salem Press, Inc.

William Styron was born in Newport News, Virginia, on June 11, 1925, the son of William Clark and Pauline Styron. Styron’s roots in the South are deep and can be traced back to the seventeenth century. He grew up steeped in stories of the Civil War and of its battlefields. Raised in Hilton Village, a semirural community several miles from Newport News, he went to segregated schools and lived in a family with black servants. His father worked in shipbuilding in Newport News. His mother, who developed cancer soon after his birth, remained an invalid for eleven years, dying in 1939, after Styron’s sophomore year at Morrison High School. Around that time, he published his first story (now lost) in the school newspaper.

Styron was an active student—he was president of his sophomore class and manager of the football team—but his teachers thought he lacked discipline, and he was sent to the Christchurch School, an Episcopal preparatory school near Urbana, Virginia. In this small school of fifty students, he enjoyed the atmosphere of an encouraging extended family. He wrote for the school newspaper and yearbook, sailed, and played basketball. Although he attended chapel every day and church on Sunday, he also took up drinking, one of the traditional activities of a Virginia gentleman.

In 1942, Styron entered Davidson College, a Presbyterian institution near Charlotte, North Carolina. His father thought that the University of Virginia, known for its rowdy drinking parties, would be inappropriate for his son, an indifferent student. Styron joined the college newspaper and literary magazine, and he rid himself of his Tidewater accent after fellow students made fun of it.

At eighteen, Styron joined the Navy, expecting to train as an officer, but he was transferred to Duke University. There, he attended classes but was still under military discipline. Duke was a traditional campus, strict about matters of dress, with coeds wearing white gloves on off-campus dates. Again Styron proved a mediocre student, and he was put on active duty by the end of 1944....

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William Styron Biography (Masterpieces of American Literature)

Styron is the poet of human failure: Peyton Loftis kills herself, Nat Turner engages in a suicidal slave revolt, and Sophie and Nathan die in a suicide pact. In spite of these depressing stories, the author’s style is uplifting, a beautiful evocation of human beings and settings. Although he himself has been subject to despair, his novels prevail in their sheer artistry. In their graceful language, they suggest that human beings are capable of grace, of a forgiveness beyond guilt. In Styron’s novels, there is always the opportunity to communicate and to reconcile human conflicts, even if most such conflicts end badly.

William Styron Biography (Novels for Students)

William Styron was born June 11, 1925, in Newport News, Virginia. He attended a private Christian school and Davidson College in North...

(The entire section is 394 words.)

William Styron Biography

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William Styron

Introduction

William Styron played the race card...but the only problem was that Styron was white. His most celebrated novel, The Confessions of Nat Turner, was also his most controversial. Though it won the Pulitzer Prize in 1968, many critics rebuked him for perpetrating negative portrayals of African Americans. Part of the furor over the book stemmed from its structure. Styron chose to write the novel in a first-person point of view from Turner’s perspective. Some felt this crossed the line between presumption and mockery. Still, the novel was a huge success, and certain members of the African-American literary community came to Styron’s defense, most notably the author James Baldwin. In a career of both highs and lows, Styron forged one of the most unique voices in contemporary literature—even if it occasionally got him into trouble.

William Styron Biography (Nonfiction Classics for Students)

Born June 11, 1925, to engineer William Clark Styron and Pauline Margaret Abraham Styron, William Styron grew up in the port town of Newport...

(The entire section is 406 words.)