William H. Gass Biography


(Masterpieces of American Literature)

William Howard Gass was born in Fargo, North Dakota, on July 30, 1924, the son of William and Claire (Sorensen) Gass. With two brief exceptions, Gass has spent most of his life in the Midwest, the place most frequently evoked in his works of fiction. From 1943 to 1946, he served in the U.S. Navy, principally in China and Japan. He left the Navy in 1946 with the rank of ensign, and in 1947 he finished his undergraduate studies at Kenyon College in Ohio. He then enrolled in graduate studies in philosophy at Cornell University in New York, specializing in the philosophical analysis of language, a preoccupation that would become the central focus in his works of fiction.

While working on his Ph.D. in philosophy at Cornell, Gass supported himself by working as an instructor of philosophy at the College of Wooster (in Wooster, Ohio) from 1950 to 1954. On June 17, 1952, he married Mary Patricia O’Kelly, with whom he had two sons and one daughter. In 1954, he received the Ph.D. from Cornell and immediately took a new teaching position as a professor at Purdue University, where he taught until 1969. The period at Purdue was an especially productive one for Gass. During this time, he published his highly original first novel, Omensetter’s Luck (1966), and a critically acclaimed book of short stories, In the Heart of the Heart of the Country, and Other Stories (1968). In 1968, Gass also published an important novella, Willie Masters’ Lonesome Wife, which appeared in the pages of TriQuarterly magazine. In 1969, he married again, to Mary Alice Henderson, with whom he had two daughters.

In 1969, Gass also began a long and fruitful association with Washington...

(The entire section is 702 words.)

William H. Gass Biography

(Masterpieces of American Literature)

In a marvelous book called The Fabulators (1967), the distinguished critic Robert Scholes suggested that the best writers of the late twentieth century were not realistic storytellers so much as artists who were motivated by the embellishments and multiple possibilities in any story. He called this process “fabulation” and identified the work of Kurt Vonnegut and John Barth as prime examples.

Like such fabulators, Gass has entertained and edified his readers by showing them the story behind the story—and the unending possibilities of meaning contained in even the simplest of words. Like all true geniuses, he took an established form, narration, and made something new and beautiful with it, something that no one had yet anticipated.

William H. Gass Biography

(Literary Essentials: Short Fiction Masterpieces)

William Howard Gass attended Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, for one year and Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio, for a brief period of study. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Navy and was stationed in China and Japan. After the war he returned to Kenyon College and was graduated in 1947 with a B.A. degree in philosophy. He earned his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1954. Gass has taught philosophy at a number of colleges, including the College of Wooster in Ohio (1950-1955), Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana (1955-1969), and Washington University in St. Louis, where he began teaching in 1969 and where he held the title of David May Distinguished University Professor in the Humanities. In 1990, Gass became the first director of the International Writers’ Center at Washington University. Gass married Mary Patricia O’Kelly in 1952; they had two children. In 1969, he married Mary Alice Henderson; they became the parents of twin daughters.

William H. Gass Biography

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

While born in Fargo, North Dakota, on July 30, 1924, William Howard Gass was reared in Warren, Ohio. He attended Kenyon College and Ohio Wesleyan, served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, and returned to receive a degree from Kenyon in 1947. Gass came into contact with John Crowe Ransom there, but his chief interest as a student was philosophy. He went on to do graduate work at Cornell University, and after writing his dissertation “A Philosophical Investigation of Metaphor,” he received his doctorate in 1954. He taught at a number of colleges, beginning to publish fiction while teaching philosophy at Purdue University. Beginning in 1969, Gass was at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, first as distinguished university professor in humanities, then, beginning in 1990, as director of the International Writers Center. He received grants from the Rockefeller and Guggenheim foundations.

In addition to his magnum opus, The Tunnel in 1995, Gass published his fourth collection of literary and philosophical essays, Finding a Form, in 1996 and a collection of novellas, The Cartesian Sonata, and Other Novellas, in 1998. In the essays, he censures the Pulitzer Prize in fiction, the minimalists for lacking depth, and multicultural critics for ignoring the importance of form. In the stories, he continues to fly in the face of late twentieth century realism with stories that explore fictional figures caught in the web of language and thought.

William H. Gass Biography

(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

William Howard Gass, whose sensuous, deeply textured prose made him one of the most celebrated American stylists, is at once a leading theorist and a practitioner of postrealist fiction. The tribulations of life in the Midwest during the Depression, which were intensified for Gass by his father’s crippling arthritis and his mother’s alcoholism, inform the blasted environments and “grayed in” attitudes that are so prevalent in his fiction. As a child, Gass escaped into books. At Kenyon College, which he entered in 1942, he majored in philosophy and took courses from John Crowe Ransom, the high priest of the New Criticism, whose tenets of textual integrity and aesthetic self-sufficiency proved compatible with Gass’s own persuasions. He completed his B.A. in 1947 and entered graduate school in philosophy at Cornell University, where he joined a seminar led by Ludwig Wittgenstein, whose ideas about language and reality Gass credits as having had the most important impact on his own intellectual development. In 1969, Gass joined the philosophy department of Washington University in St. Louis. His many honors include the National Institute of Arts and Letters prize for literature in 1975, appointments to PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction and National Book Award juries, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Lannan Foundation Literary Awards in 1997, and the National Book Critics Circle Award in criticism for The Habitations of the Word in 1986, Finding a Form in 1997, and Tests of Time in 2003.

Fostering Gass’s absorption with such issues as the autonomy of art, the physicality of the verbal artifact, and the fictive nature of conceptual models was his exposure to writers such as Gertrude Stein, William Faulkner, James Joyce, Malcolm Lowry, Colette, Rainer Maria Rilke, and Paul Valéry, who appear prominently in Gass’s essays as precursors of his own preoccupation with the self-evident process of building sentences.

This theme is also evident in Gass’s fiction. Set in the 1890’s in the Ohio River...

(The entire section is 842 words.)