Axelrod, Steven Gould, and Helen Deese, eds. Critical Essays on William Carlos Williams. New York: G. K. Hall, 1995. A solid collection of essays.
Beck, John. Writing the Radical Center: William Carlos Williams, John Dewey, and American Cultural Politics. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. Analyzes Williams’s political convictions as reflected in his writings, and compares them with those of philosopher John Dewey.
Bremen, Brian A. William Carlos Williams and the Diagnostics of Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. An examination of the development of Williams’s poetry, focused on his fascination with the effects of poetry and prose, and his friendship with Kenneth Burke. Using Burke’s and Williams’s theoretical writings and correspondence, and the works of contemporary cultural critics, Bremen looks at how the methodological empiricism in Williams’s poetic strategy is tied to his medical practice.
Coles, Robert. William Carlos Williams: The Knack of Survival in America. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1975. This examination of Williams’s work aims at an understanding of Williams as a poet and writer who was fascinated with the meaning and values of America. Coles offers a study of both poems and stories. Includes a bibliography and an index.
Dietrich, R. F. “Connotations of Rape in ‘The Use of Force.’” Studies in Short Fiction 3 (Summer, 1966): 446-450. Argues that the language of the story suggests a sexual encounter: The wooden spatula is a phallic symbol; the girl’s bleeding is a violation; the idea of its being a pleasure to attack her suggests rape. Contends the sexual connotations suggest the savagery of human nature that lies close to the surface.
Fisher-Wirth, Ann W. William Carlos Williams and Autobiography: The Woods of His Own Nature. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1989. Considers the autobiographical aspects of certain works by Williams. Adds new insight into Williams’s conception of the self and its relationship to the world. Supplemented by thorough notes and an index.
Gish, Robert. William Carlos Williams: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne, 1989. A very fine single-volume study of Williams’s substantial contributions to the short story and the essay.