Whig Party (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
Whig Party was a name applied to political parties in England, Scotland, and America. Whig is a short form of the word whiggamore, a Scottish word once used to describe people from western Scotland who opposed King Charles I of England in 1648.
In the late 1600s, Scottish and English opponents of the growing power of royalty were called Whigs. The Whigs maintained a strong position in English politics until the 1850s,
when the Whig progressives adopted the term Liberal. In the American colonies, the Whigs were those people who resented British control, favored independence from Britain, and supported the Revolutionary War. The term was first used in the colonies around 1768. The term Whig fell into disuse after the colonies won their independence.
However, political opponents of Democratic President ANDREW JACKSON revived the term in the 1830s. After Jackson soundly defeated a field of challengers representing an array of political parties in 1832,...
(The entire section is 874 words.)
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