Wappo (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Wappo, contiguous with the Southern Pomo, Central Pomo, Patwin, and Lake and Coast Miwok, were territorially divided into the Clear Lake and the Southern Wappo. They located their oval, grass houses in permanent villages on stream systems, acquiring subsistence by fishing, hunting, trapping, and gathering food plants including acorns, tubers, roots, and numerous grasses. They tended to be monogamous and discouraged divorce. The Wappo excelled in manufacturing baskets.
There are indications that the Wappo fought against the Spanish in the Napa Valley; some Wappo were apparently held at the Sonoma Mission. The reservation at Mendocino was established in 1856, closing in 1867. Disease, displacement of groups, degradation of the environment and its resources by European Americans, and ensuing conflict all served to reduce the Wappo population and traditional lifeways. By 1910, only twenty Wappo had any knowledge of their language and traditional ways. By 1960, only five Wappo speakers remained.
(The entire section is 147 words.)
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