Walter C. Short (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: General Short was commander of the Hawaiian Department of the U.S. Army when the Japanese attacked the base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. His relief of command and subsequent disgrace became a major point of controversy.
After graduating from the University of Illinois, Walter C. Short received a direct commission into the U.S. Army. After relatively routine service in various locations, he joined John J. Pershing’s punitive expedition into Mexico in 1916. During World War I (1914-1918), he was among the first troops sent to Europe, and he remained after the armistice.
Between the two world wars, he served in a number of field and staff positions, rising steadily through the ranks. In February of 1941, he was assigned to the Hawaiian Department, which was to have been his final command before retirement.
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, Short was blamed for the unpreparedness of the Army Air Force and relieved of command. He subsequently participated in a number of investigations in an attempt to clear his name.
Beach, Edward L. Scapegoats: A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1995.
Prange, Gordon W. At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor. New York: Penguin, 1981.
Stinnett, Robert B. Day of Deceit:...
(The entire section is 246 words.)
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