W. C. Wentworth (Dictionary of World Biography: The 19th Century)
Article abstract: Wentworth contributed both to egalitarian and conservative forces in Australian life.
William Charles Wentworth was the son of Catherine (née Crowley) and D’Arcy Wentworth. Catherine was transported to Australia for seven years after being convicted at the Stafford assizes on July 30, 1788. She arrived at Sydney on June 28, 1790, and was then sent to Norfolk Island, where she arrived on August 7, 1790. D’Arcy was a medical practitioner who was charged with highway robbery on four occasions. He was acquitted each time, and before the last case was over he had obtained an appointment as an assistant surgeon on the Second Fleet. D’Arcy and Catherine sailed to Sydney on the same ship, and their son was probably born at sea as they sailed from Sydney to Norfolk Island.
For his first five years, Wentworth lived on Norfolk Island. The family returned to Sydney in February, 1796, and moved to Parramatta, where D’Arcy served in the medical center and where Catherine died in 1800.
Wentworth was educated in Great Britain. He returned to Sydney in 1810 but left for London in 1816, where he entered the Middle Temple in February, 1817, to prepare himself, as he wrote, to be “the instrument of procuring a free constitution for my country.” He finished his legal studies in 1823, returning to Sydney in 1824, where he married Sarah Cox, the daughter of an emancipist...
(The entire section is 2016 words.)
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