Vulcan (Myths and Legends of the World)
An ancient god of fire in Roman mythology, Vulcan is the counterpart of the Greek god Hephaestus, the god of fire and of metalwork and crafts. The tales about Vulcan, who is sometimes called Mulciber (the smelter), are all based on Greek myths about Hephaestus.
The son of Zeusin Greek mythology, king of the gods and husband of Hera (Roman god Jupiter) and (or, in some versions, of Hera alone), Hephaestus was lame and deformed. Some stories say that Zeus threw him from Olympusin Greek mythology, home of the gods for taking Hera's side in a quarrel with Zeus and that Hephaestus became lame as a result of the fall. Other myths say that Hephaestus was born lame and that Hera threw him from Olympus because she was ashamed of his deformity. He landed in the ocean and was rescued by sea who raised him in a cave under the sea and taught him many skills.
Hephaestus became a master craftsman. One day he gained his revenge on Hera by creating for her a golden throne that contained a trap. When she sat on the throne, the trap closed and imprisoned her. The other gods begged Hephaestus to release Hera, but he would not listen. Finally, the god DionysusGreek god of wine and fertility; son of Zeus by Theban princess Semele (Roman god Bacchus) made Hephaestus drunk and...
(The entire section is 576 words.)
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