Vladimir Nabokov (nah-BO-kof) began, as many novelists do, as a poet. As a youth, he published privately what now would be called a chapbook and a full book of poetry before emigrating from Russia. Throughout his life, he continued to publish poetry in periodicals and several book-length collections, including Stikhotvorenia, 1929-1951 (1952), Poems (1959), and Poems and Problems (1970). Some critics even consider the long poem “Pale Fire” (an integral part of the novel Pale Fire) a worthy neo-Romantic poem in itself. Nabokov also published a good deal of short fiction, first in a variety of short-lived émigré publications such as Rul’, Sovremennye Zapiski, and Russkoe ekho, and later in such prominent magazines as The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, Playboy, Harper’s Bazaar, and Tri-Quarterly. His stories were collected in Vozrashchenie Chorba (1930; the return of Chorb), which also included twenty-four poems, Soglyadatay (1938; the eye), Nine Stories (1947), and Nabokov’s Dozen (1958), among others. His plays include Smert’ (pb. 1923; death), Tragediya gospodina Morna (pb. 1924; the tragedy of Mister Morn), Chelovek iz SSSR (pb. 1927; the man from the USSR), Sobytiye (pr., pb. 1938; the event), and Izobretenie Val’sa (pb. 1938; The Waltz Invention, 1966). He also worked on a screenplay for the film version of Lolita (1962). In addition to translating his own works from Russian to English (and vice versa, as well as occasionally from French to Russian to English), he often translated the works of other writers, including Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865) and poetry of Rupert Brooke, Alexander Pushkin, Arthur Rimbaud, William Shakespeare, and Alfred de Musset. In nonfiction prose, Nabokov’s fascinating life is recalled in three volumes of memoirs, Conclusive Evidence (1951), Drugie Berega (1954; other shores), and Speak, Memory: An Autobiography Revisited (1966, a revision and expansion of the earlier works). Throughout his life, his often idiosyncratic criticism was widely published, and the publication after his death of several volumes of his lectures on world literature provoked much discussion among literary scholars. As a lepidopterist, Nabokov published a number of scholarly articles in such journals as The Entomologist, Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Psyche, and The Lepidopterists’ News.