Venetian-Milanese Wars (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Venetian expansion on the Italian mainland and containment of the duchy of Milan. Result: Strong Venetian mainland with protected routes to European markets; long-term peace between Venice and Milan, extended to Florence.
In the fourteenth century, northern and central Italy became a mosaic of independent city-states, some of which replaced their elective governments with dictatorships that placed power in the hand of a member of a leading family. Between 1378 and 1400, Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan consolidated the family holdings in Lombardy and pushed into central Italy with the goal of creating a large territorial state. Florence felt threatened in Tuscany, and Venice feared that the trade routes to its European markets would be blocked. When Visconti died in 1402, Florence secured its preeminence in Tuscany by acquiring Pisa in 1406.
Venice had an early entry on the mainland when it acquired Treviso in 1339. However, it gave Treviso to Leopold II of Austria in return for his neutrality in its War of Chioggia against Genoa (1378-1380). In 1383, Leopold sold Treviso to the ambitious lord of Padua, Francesco Carrara. In 1400, it became the first conquest of Venice from the Carrara family. Venice followed between 1403 and 1406 with the occupation of Padua as well as Verona and Vicenza. Venice completed the northern phase of its expansion with the Friuli between 1411...
(The entire section is 1004 words.)
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