Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews During the Holocaust, 1939-1943 (Magill's Literary Annual 1981)
John F. Morley’s Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews During the Holocaust, 1939-1943, will undoubtedly remain for some time into the future the definitive description of Vatican activities regarding the Jews and the Holocaust. The volume is well conceived, meticulous in its research, and thorough in its analyses. Basing his study on approximately four thousand documents recording diplomatic exchanges between the Vatican Secretariat of State and its diplomats in Europe from 1939 to 1943, instructions and orders from the Vatican, accounts from papal nuncios of their experiences and observations, and the memoranda both of papal emissaries and of outside parties, this volume is an accurate portrayal of the role played by the Vatican in the Holocaust.
The author’s study of these and other sources was designed to reveal how the Vatican and its emissaries responded to Nazi persecution and destruction of the Jews from the outset of the papacy of Pius XII to the time in 1943 when published records ceased to be available and most of Europe’s Jews had already been murdered. During this period, the Vatican Secretariat of State had diplomatic emissaries or apostolic delegates in Berlin, Vichy, Berne, Rome, Bucharest, Zagreb, Bratislava, Budapest, Ankara, London, and Washington. In addition to studying and analyzing Vatican response to the plight of the Jews in these countries (except for England and the United States), the Morley book also studies the...
(The entire section is 2660 words.)
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