Unification of Lower and Upper Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: The unification of Lower and Upper Egypt produced the first unified bureaucratic state in world history and also created the first theocratic nation-state in the history of ancient and modern international systems.
Summary of Event
The Egyptian Predynastic Period (c. 3050-c. 2925) and First Dynasty (c. 2925-c. 2775) laid the foundation for a highly effective bureaucratic civilization that was based on the unification of culture, religion, land, and the state and that lasted for more than three thousand years. It is suggested that religion was the central impulse for the unification of the Egyptian nation-state, and economic maturation and cultural development continued to cement the unification. The data on the general and specific historical events—as well as the central personalities involved—that produced the conditions required for the rise and progress of a predynastic Egypt continue to develop through archaeological analysis and historical research. However, the record remains cloudy on many important questions related to the origins and conditions driving the rise and development of predynastic Egypt.
It is clear that the Predynastic Period and the First Dynasty were collectively responsible for the invention of the 365-day calendar, the Memphite theology (one of the first organized human searches for the divine intelligence underlying the universe), an advanced agricultural and...
(The entire section is 1264 words.)
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