U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approves Sale of Viagra (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: Developed by a team of scientists of the Pfizer Company, Viagra was the first anti-impotence drug to be approved by the U.S. federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The Invention of Viagra
As hundreds of persons were involved in the development of Viagra, the Pfizer Pharmaceutical Company avoids giving credit to any of their employees involved. In June, 1991, three researchers working at the Pfizer facility in Kent, England, discovered that a compound called suldenafil citrate was effective in treating heart problems such as angina. Of these workers, Nicholas Terrett is considered by some to be the inventor of Viagra. In 1994, he and his colleague Peter Ellis noted that during one of the trial studies of suldenafil citrate for heart problems among male patients, the compound increased the flow of blood to the penis. From this observation came the idea of using it to overcome male impotence, or erectile dysfunction (ED).
The American press gives principal credit to Simon Campbell, previously senior vice president of medical discovery at Pfizer. He was the department head under whose direction Viagra was developed. The British press recognizes two other Pfizer employees as having developed the nine-step chemical process by which Viagra is manufactured. They are Peter Dunn and Albert Wood, both of Kent, England. However, whoever receives primary credit, many were involved in the...
(The entire section is 999 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!