U.S. Election of 1824 (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Competition among four Republicans results in the splitting of the Republican Party into National Republicans and Democratic Republicans.
Summary of Event
By 1824, the Federalist Party had ceased to exist, and the misnamed Era of Good Feelings was coming to a close. Five men in the Republican Party wanted to succeed the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe. At issue in the minds of some was an impending conflict over slavery that seemed closer as a result of the Missouri Compromise, which “locked in” the states of the slave South to minority status—in the Senate in the short term, and in the House in the longer term. The Missouri Compromise mandated that all territories becoming states above the 36°30′′ parallel had to be free states, but that those below the line could be free or slave. Martin Van Buren of New York and William H. Crawford of Georgia had formulated a plan to create a new political party, in which loyalty to the party would be rewarded with political jobs (loosely called the spoils system). A key test of party allegiance would be the willingness of candidates to avoid any discussion of slavery, thus instituting a “gag” on all debate of slavery at the national level.
Crawford was the selection of a rump congressional caucus; his candidacy ended, however, when he suffered a stroke in mid-campaign, temporarily derailing Van Buren’s plans for a...
(The entire section is 1614 words.)
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