U-2 Incident (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: The capture of a U.S. spy plane over Russian territory threatens to result in international crisis.
Summary of Event
In the spring of 1960, the world was basking in a feeling known as “the spirit of Camp David,” named after the presidential retreat in Camp David, Maryland, where President Dwight D. Eisenhower had met in September, 1959, with First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev. For the first time since the Potsdam Conference in 1945, the leaders of the two most powerful nations on earth talked face to face. While nothing substantive was accomplished in these conversations, they provided an optimistic ending for Khrushchev’s goodwill tour of the United States, and people began to think that the Cold War that had lasted for more than a decade was coming to an end. Now all hopes were placed on the Paris summit conference to be held on May 16, 1960, between Khrushchev, Eisenhower, the British foreign minister, Harold Macmillan, and Charles de Gaulle, president of France.
Such a Big Four summit was long overdue. The problem of a divided Germany, and especially the status of West Berlin, had reemerged to plague world leaders. Germany had been divided into four zones of occupation, each administered by a different member of the Big Four. Berlin,...
(The entire section is 1717 words.)
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