Tyigh (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Tyigh (also spelled “Tygh”), a branch of the Sahaptian family, were so named by white explorers and traders because they lived near the Tyigh and White rivers in what is now Wasco County, Oregon. As is generally true for the Sahaptian tribes, there is no ethnographic evidence or traditional lore to show where the Tyigh lived earlier than their first encounter with whites in the early 1800's. Sahaptian tribes lived in village communities of varying size. Because they relied on hunting and fishing (salmon being a chief staple of their diet) as well as on gathering roots and berries, they moved throughout the year to find food in different seasons. This prevented villages from growing and developing as political or social centers.
Sahaptian tribes do not seem to have relied on agriculture. They were skilled with horses and used them in their travels. Tyigh speak the Tenino language. Under the terms of the Wasco Treaty of 1855, the Tyigh were placed on the Warm Springs Reservation in Oregon, along with the Tenino and other tribes. Their population as a separate group has not been counted since.
(The entire section is 186 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!